Protection Systems for Inventions in Turkey
There exist three types of protection systems for inventions in Turkey:
- System without examination; It provides relatively limited protection period, which is 7 years, to the inventors whose financial capabilities are restricted but such system is cheap and speedy. For patents without examination, the applicant or the third parties may claim for examination prior to expiry of the 7-years period. If the examination is resulted positively, then the patent is to be granted for a period of 20 years from the date of application.
- System with examination: the procedures take much longer but the patent with examination is much sounder and provides longer period of protection due to the fact that it is based on the examination report which shows patentability of the application (novelty, invention step, industrial applicability). The patent with examination provides 20-years protection. The protection period is, however, not extended.
- Utility Model system; no examination and search procedures available. When compared with the other systems, the certificate is granted within a short time. However, upon request of the Applicant, search reports may be furnished for the applications for the utility models. In this system, the third parties may raise their oppositions within three months from the publication of the application. The oppositions are notified to the applicant. The applicant may notify its counter comments or change its claim or request a certificate despite the oppositions. The utility model provides 10 â€“ years protection period. The protection period is not extended.