Turkish Patent Institute (TPI) reviews each trademark application, and if it concludes that the application has the characteristics needed to be a trademark i.e. if it distinguishes the goods or services of a given business from the goods or services of another business, does not look like a trademark already registered or for which a registration application is pending, does not state type, choice, nature, quality, quantity, purpose, value and geographical source, is not a sign used by everybody in commercial activities, does not contain a religious value or symbol, and is not contrary to the public order and general morality, TPI will decide to publish the application in the Official Trademark Bulletin.
If a trademark application is refused by TPIâ€™s one of trademark examiners after such review, the applicant is entitled to appeal the said refusal by filing an appeal petition to the Re-Evaluation and Examination Board (REEB) of TPI within 2 months from the date on which the said refusal has been notified to the applicant. If the applicant does not use this right within 2 months, its application will be canceled and its right to appeal will be revoked.
If TPI approves that a trademark application meets the criteria described above, it will be published in the Official Trademark Bulletin, so that it will be made available to the public for review.
In this case a trademark application will be published for 3 months. During this period of 3 months, real persons, legal entities and professional associations will be entitled to file an opposition before TPI to object a trademark application on the grounds that they already own it, a trademark application is similar to their own trademark, or the trademark application breaches a copyright, etc., provided that documents proving such allegation must be enclosed to such letter of objection.
Such opposition and the documents enclosed thereto will be sent to the applicant or its attorney in order to enable them to prepare an answer. The applicant or its attorney must present its answer to Turkish Patent Institute within 1 month after receiving the above mentioned opposition.
Both the opposition and its evidence documents and the answer given to it will be reviewed by the Re-Evaluation and Examination Board (REEB) of TPI, so that REEB will decide either â€œapplication will proceedâ€ or â€œapplication will partially proceedâ€ or â€œapplication canceledâ€.